Leonhard Euler ‘s 365th birthday

Leonhard Euler (German pronunciation: [ˈɔʏlɐ]About this sound Swiss German pronunciation (help·info)About this sound Standard German pronunciation (help·info), English approximation, “Oiler”;[1] 15 April 1707 – 18 September 1783) was a pioneering Swiss mathematician and physicist. He made important discoveries in fields as diverse as infinitesimal calculus and graph theory. He also introduced much of the modern mathematical terminology and notation, particularly for mathematical analysis, such as the notion of a mathematical function.[2] He is also renowned for his work in mechanicsfluid dynamicsoptics, and astronomy. Euler spent most of his adult life in St. PetersburgRussia, and in BerlinPrussia. He is considered to be the pre-eminent mathematician of the 18th century, and one of the greatest mathematicians to have ever lived. He is also one of the most prolific mathematicians ever; his collected works fill 60–80 quarto volumes.[3] A statement attributed to Pierre-Simon Laplace expresses Euler’s influence on mathematics: “Read Euler, read Euler, he is the master of us all.”[4]


Leonhard Euler
Leonhard Euler 2.jpg
Portrait by Johann Georg Brucker (1756)
Born 15 April 1707
Died 18 September 1783 (aged 76)
[OS: 7 September 1783]
Saint PetersburgRussian Empire
Residence Kingdom of PrussiaRussian Empire
Nationality Swiss
Fields Mathematics and physics
Institutions Imperial Russian Academy of Sciences
Berlin Academy
Alma mater University of Basel
Doctoral advisor Johann Bernoulli
Doctoral students Nicolas Fuss
Johann Hennert
Joseph Louis Lagrange
Stepan Rumovsky
Known for See full list
He is the father of the mathematician Johann Euler
He is listed by an academic genealogy[citation needed] as the equivalent to the doctoral advisor of Joseph Louis Lagrange


Old Swiss 10 Franc banknote honoring Euler



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